Escobaria Britton & Rose (1923)

(Cochiseia, Escobesseya, Escocoryphantha, Fobea, Neobesseya)
named after the brothers Rómulo and Numa Escobar from Mexico City and Juárez, to honor their work,
tubercle cactus, globular to cylindrical, small, with a furrow on the tubercles, clumping
radial spines mostly bristly, white, yellow or with a dark tip
central spine absent or only somewhat stronger and darker
flowers small at the apex, white, yellow, pink or purple
fruits red; seeds black

Highslide JS


northern to central Mexico
warm arid areas

Growth period

full sun exposure and a warm location, the hottest and sunniest spot is the best, only then will they blooming
somewhat sensitive to too moisture, but constant slightly moisture, a watering rest in high summer is recommendable
keep the root neck dry
generate humidity by spraying in the evening hours

Winter period

dry and bright at a minimum of 39–50°F (4–10°C)


very permeable to water, minerally, gritty and gravelly
Escobaria missouriensis var. caespitosa (Engelmann) D. R. Hunt (1978)
Highslide JS
  Highslide JS   Highslide JS


Idaho, North Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Kansas, New Mexico
, Texas
Coahuila, Nuevo León
in grass land and in pine-juniper forests


forms cluster up to 11.8 in (30 cm) Ø
not clearly separable from Escobaria missouriensis


Escobaria missouriensis var. caespitosa is with rain protection to about -4 F (- 20°C) cold hardy.
Synonyms Mammillaria similis var. caespitosa Engelmann (1850)
Coryphantha missouriensis
var. caespitosa (Engelmann) L. D. Benson (1969)
Escobaria missouriensis ssp. missouriensis -
CITES Appendix II